In the Tigray region of Ethiopia many women and increasing numbers of young people have no access to land. Land in Tigray is al阅读y scarce, and many farm sizes are very small.
Many women and especially widows struggle to produce enough to feed their families from small plots of land.
As life expectancy increases, the potential for sub-dividing farming plots reduces, leaving many young people with no assets. With poor education, these young people have few opportunities for employment locally and feel they have little choice but to migrate to the towns where they face threats such as drugs, sexual exploitation and HIV / AIDS.
Between 2012 and 2017, Farm Africa ran a project based in the central zone of the Tigray region where 80% of the population live in rural areas and levels of poverty and malnutrition are very high. The majority of the population produce less than half their annual minimal food requirements and 89% of the population earn less than £2 per day.
Women and children are especially at risk. Women in this region have worse nutrition than the national average, and a recent survey showed that nearly a third are underweight. Over half of under-fives show stunted growth.
Cereals form a large part of the diet. But as women have limited involvement in crop production and livestock management, they therefore have little or no access to essential nutritious foods such as milk, eggs, fruit and vegetables.
This project aimed to help women and young people increase their incomes and improve their nutrition standards. We supported communities in Tigray to:
Farm Africa also worked with the Tigray Regional Government and other key partners to undertake research and to develop a model for food security initiatives that can also be applied in other, wider areas.
This project worked directly with nearly 6,400 women and landless young people, providing them with crops and livestock as well as training.
Women are key caretakers of household food security, helping women farmers to boost their productivity help to improve child nutrition and overall welfare.
This project was funded with UK aid from the UK Government and Irish Aid.